- Indian Railways (IR) has envisioned achieving net zero carbon emission by 2030. Following measures have, inter-alia, been undertaken in this regard:
- 100% Electrification of Broad Gauge (BG) Railway network.
- About 142 Mega Watt (MW) of solar plants (both on Rooftops and on its vacant land) and about 103 MW of Wind power plants have been commissioned (till 31.10.2022).
- Use of Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistor (IGBT) based 3-phase propulsion system with regenerative braking in locomotives, Electrical Multiple Unit (EMU) trains, Mainline Electric Multiple Unit (MEMU) trains, Kolkata Metro rakes and Electric train sets.
- Conversion of End on Generation (EOG) trains into Head on Generation (HOG) trains to reduce noise, air pollution and diesel consumption.
- Provision of Light emitting diode (LED) lighting in all Railway installations including Railway stations, service buildings, Residential quarters and coaches for reduction in electricity consumption.
- Afforestation of railway land to increase carbon sink.
- Green Certifications- Green Certifications of various industrial units, railway stations and other railway establishments have been done. Further, Environment Management System (EMS): ISO 14001 certification of various railway stations has also been done.
- Construction of Eastern and Western Dedicated Freight Corridors (DFCs).
- Installation of waste to energy plants.
- Further, IR has decided to progressively procure renewable energy to reduce energy consumption through conventional sources.
- At present, there is no proposal to induct solar trains in the Railway fleet. The solar system works during the day time and generates battery backup of approximately 4 to 5 hours.
- System does not work properly during fog/rain and winter season and battery backup goes down to 2 to 3 hours depending upon weather conditions. Therefore, the system has not been pursued further.
- This information was given by the Minister of Railways, Communications and Electronic & Information Technology, Shri Ashwini Vaishnaw in a written reply to a question in Lok Sabha.
Source: PIB- Press Release | Images Credit: MoR