Product Expertise: Getzner’s point bearing type mass-spring system (MSS) ensures excellent acoustics in world – famous Vienna concert hall

A metro line in direct vicinity to one of the world’s most prestigious concert halls? Point bearings MSS from Getzner Werkstoffe protect Vienna’s Musikverein building against noise and vibrations.

Vienna (AT). Millions of people in over 90 countries watch the Vienna New Year Concert every year. The Golden Hall in Vienna’s Musikverein building is one of the acoustically best halls in the world and the pride and joy of the concert house. When an underground metro tunnel was built just four meters from the building in 2002, vibration protection expert, Getzner Werkstoffe supplied Sylodyn (PUR) point bearings for the mass-spring system (MSS), thus ensuring continued, undisturbed music enjoyment. The system has now been in operation for 17 years, has withstood roughly 450 million gross tons of train traffic and continues to impress with its unchanged high performance.

In 2019, various measurements were used to check whether the mass-spring system with 192 Sylodyn point bearings still fulfilled the high requirements set during the planning and construction phase. In tests with various train types, the natural frequency of the mass-spring system and the radiation of vibrations to the slab, tunnel floor and tunnel wall as well as the slab deflection when trains pass were measured. In three concert halls, including the Golden Hall, secondary airborne noise emissions were measured at a height of 2.5 m.

The results were remarkable: “Even after 17 years, the vibration isolation was still as efficient as it was on day one. All assessment criteria for vibration immission are still being fulfilled,” explains Markus Heim, project manager at Getzner Werkstoffe. “No changes were identified in the vertical natural frequency of the pulse-excited slab of the mass-spring system compared to the acceptance tests carried out in 2003!” The dynamic properties of the Sylodyn bearings have remained the same over all these years.

New trains, new challenges

New measurements were taken in 2019 due to a change in conditions: The Vienna metro now operates with more modern trains, which generate noise and vibrations in a different way to the earlier trains. The building structure has now also been modified, for example new windows have been installed. Markus Heim: “In view of the changed conditions, we wanted to check the long-term behaviour of the MSS, which has already had to withstand a total of approximately 450 million gross tons from 250 trains per track per day since the tunnel’s construction.”

High requirements

Back then, the mitigation requirements for this hall were already very high. For the construction of a new metro line next to Vienna’s Musikverein building to be approved in 2002, it was first necessary to prove with appropriate investigations that the noise and vibration levels in the famous concert halls would not increase. “Our solution has a vertical natural frequency of 5.5 Hz – the lowest vertical natural frequency ever achieved with a mass-spring system made from elastomer bearings,” explains Markus Heim, who is also responsible for Getzner’s system development. Visitors to the concert hall are optimally protected from disruptive vibrations and noise generated by the nearby underground line – in the same way as on day one.


Mass-spring System (MSS):

  • Metro Delhi (IN)
  • Bangalore Metro (IN)
  • Lucknow Metro (IN)
  • Mumbai Metro (IN)
  • Ahmedabad Metro (IN)
  • Riyadh Metro (Saudi Arabia)
  • Dhaka Metro (Bangladesh)

Mass-spring systems from Getzner Werkstoffe have been installed in metro, railway, and rapid transit lines all around the world.

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Product Expertise Source: Getzner India Pvt. Ltd. | This Product Expertise is a part of our Latest Magazine: Subscribe to our Magazine Today!