Special Article: Top 10 fascinating engineering achievements in Indian Railways

Hauz-Khas underground metro station

  • What makes it special? : Hauz-Khas metro station of Delhi is the deepest metro station in India because this metro station is 29 meters deep. It is not possible to go below the existing metro station, which is on the yellow line. The Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC) said that this construction was a massive challenge for the contractors. 
  • Where and when can we expect to see it? : The Hauz-Khas metro station starts near the Laxman Public School and proceeds upto the outer ring-road. The yellow line was started on 3rd September 2014 and the magenta line was started on 29th May 2018.
  • Who made it? : Larsen and Toubro (L&T) constructed the station. 

Image Credit: Wikipedia

Chenab Bridge

  • What makes it special? : The Chenab Bridge is World’s tallest rail bridge in Jammu & Kashmir. The bridge is at a height of 395m that is 1178ft above the river. The bridge length is 1315m which is 4314ft, including the 650m which is 2130ft long viaduct on the northern side.
  • Where and when can we expect to see it? : This bridge was a railway steel and concrete arch bridge under construction between Bakkal and Kauri in the Reasi district of Jammu & Kashmir in India. Northern railways has taken this mega project across Jammu & Kashmir between the towns of Udhampur that is near Jammu and Baramulla on the northwest edge of Kashmir valley. The Chenab bridge was planned to be ready in December 2009, but in September 2008 the project was halted due to the fears of the bridge’s stability and safety. Then the work on the bridge was restarted in 2010 and completed in  2015.
  • Who made it? : The construction award was given to Afcons Infrastructure Limited, a part of the Shapoorji Pallonji Group, the third-largest EPC company in India.

Image Credit: Northern Railway

Pir Panjal Railway Tunnel

  • What makes it special? : The Pir Panjal Rail Tunnel is India’s longest railway tunnel that reduces the distance between Quazigund and Banihal by 17km from road by train. Banihal railway station is at 1702m that is 5584ft above sea level. It takes approximately 9 minutes 30 seconds to cross the tunnel.  
  • Where and when can we expect to see it? : The Pir Panjal Railway tunnel is located in Pir Panjal Range middle of the Himalayas in Jammu & Kashmir, India, north of Banihal town. Pir Panjal Railway Tunnel is 11.215km that is almost 7miles. The construction of the tunnel was started in November 2009 and the tunnel was completed in June 2013.
  • Who made it? : Pir Panjal Railway Tunnel was constructed by HCC  – Hindustan Construction Company.

Image Credit: Wikipedia

New Pamban Railway Bridge

  • What makes it special? : The new Pamban bridge will be the first vertical sea bridge of the Indian Railway that is 2 kilometers long with the 100 spans of 18.3 meters and the one navigational span of 63 meters. The rolling lift technology helps the bridge to fold horizontally. The new Pamban bridge is 22 meters above the sea level that is 72ft  
  • Where and when can we expect to see it? : RVNL floated the tender of the New Pamban Bridge on 2nd January 2018 and tender was awarded on 21st March 2019, in order for it to open the New Pamban Bridge approximately in the next 2 years. The bridge will be connecting the Pilgrim island of Rameswaram.
  • Who made it? : The Rail Vikas Nigam Limited (RVNL) is constructing the New Pamban Bridge.

Image Credit: Wikipedia

Underwater metro tunnel – Kolkata metro

  • What makes it special? : India is now making the first underwater tunnel as a part of the Kolkata metro east-west project. The project connects two historic Indian Railways stations that are Howrah junction railway station and Sealadh railway stations which are connected to the Kolkata metro network. It would be greatest experience of traveling in the underwater tunnel of Kolkata metro.
  • Where and when can we see it? : Kolkata east-west metro line is about 16.6km long. The east-west corridors of Kolkata metro stations are Sector-V station, Central park station, Bengal chemical station, Saltlake stadium station, Karunamoyee station, etc. The metro services will start soon.
  • Who made it? : The KMRC team also includes the engineers from abroad and has completed the construction of India’s first underwater tunnel under the Hooghly river.

Image Credit: Kolkata Metro

Bridge number 164 in the Northeast

  • What makes it special? : The Bridge No. 164 would be the world tallest girder railway bridge in the Himalayan ranges connecting across the Northeast. It is being constructed across the valley of ljai river near Noney & it can take the maximum speed of 120kmph. The bridge will have a height of 141 meters which is almost twice the Qutab Minar.
  • Where and when can we see it? : Indian Railway network will now connect the seven sister states of Northeast. This dream project is expected to be completed by 2020.
  • Who made it? : Indian Railways is constructing the project.

Image Credit: Twitter

Majestic metro station

  • What makes it special? : The Majestic metro station is the 2nd largest metro station in Asia. The station platform is 365 meters long on the purple line, and 300 meters long for the green line with the total surface of the metro station is 48000 square meters that is 520,000 sq ft. It has three levels as first is a ticket counter, second is the level of purple line trains, and the last is the level of green line trains. Further, this station has 12 staircases, 24 escalators, 18 emergency exits, and 8 toilets.
  • Where and when can we see it? : Majestic metro station is located at Bengaluru, Karnataka and Here each line has two platforms. This metro station was started for the public on 30th April 2016 of the purple line, and after the gap of one and a half year on 18th June 2017 the green line of this metro station was started.
  •   Who made it? Majestic metro station construction was awarded to  Coastal-GYT Joint Venture.

Image Credit: Wikipedia

Panval Viaduct

  • What makes it special? : Panval Viaduct is the third-highest Viaduct. It is 64meters tall and 424meters long. It was made by Slip technology for the first time in India.
  • Where can we see it? : Panval Viaduct is built across the Panval River in Ratnagiri.
  • Who made it? : Panval bridge was constructed by Larsen & Toubro Ltd – ECC Division.

Image Credit: Youtube

Electronic Interlocking

  • What makes it special? : Electronic Interlocking (EI) System at Kharagpur Junction is India’s and as well as one of the largest system in World. The commissioning of the Electronic Interlocking system was accomplished in record time ensuring minimum traffic disruptions and passenger inconvenience.
  • Where and when can we see it? : The Electronic Interlocking system of 800 routes has been commissioned at Kharagpur station in West Bengal on 19th November 2017. The final work of the Electronic Interlocking system was taken up during a block of 12 hours taking into consideration the passenger inconvenience, cancellation and late running of trains. The new electronic interlocking has integrated into two additional platforms of Kharagpur Junction and the 3rd line from the Howrah side and 2nd line from the Adra side.
  • Who made it? : Ansaldo STS, part of the Hitachi Group made the amazing technology for railways.

Gorakhpur Railway station

  • What makes it special? : Gorakhpur junction railway station is directly connected to all regions of India and also has many long routes trains originating and ending at Gorakhpur junction railway station. On 6th October 2013 Gorakhpur railway station has the longest platform in the World.
  • Where and when can we expect to see it? : Gorakhpur railway station is located in the city of Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh. It has 10 platforms and 26 tracks.
  • Who made it? : Gorakhpur railway station is owned by Indian Railways and operated by North Eastern Railway, Lucknow –  NER railway division.

Image Credit: North Eastern Railway